Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Page: 91-100
Hydrogen Peroxide Improves the Antioxidant Defence System in Salt Stressed- Allium cepa Plants
Taia Ali Abd El-Mageed, Soil and Water Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt
Wael Morad Semida, Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt
Saad Mohamed Howladar, Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia
Safi-naz Sabet Zaki, Department of Water Relations and Field Irrigation, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
Mostafa Mohamed Rady, Botany Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt
Received: Sep. 18, 2016;       Accepted: Oct. 12, 2016;       Published: Oct. 31, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.plant.20160406.16      View  3377      Downloads  65
Abstract
As one of the active oxygen species that is widely generated in many biological systems and mediates various physiological and biochemical processes in plants, exogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in very low concentrations improves salt-tolerance in some plant species. Therefore, two field experiments were conducted in 2013/14 and 2014/15 to study the effect of foliar sprays at concentrations of 1 and 2 mM H2O2 on growth, yield, plant water relations, osmoprotectants and the activity of antioxidant system in two onion varieties grown under saline soil condition (ECe = 7.94 - 8.81 dS/m). Exogenous H2O2 enhanced salt stress tolerance in onion plants by reducing the endogenous H2O2 and lipid peroxidation, and increasing enzymatic (i.e., superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, and glutathione reductase) and non-enzymatic antioxidant (i.e., ascorbic acid and glutathione) activity. Moreover, H2O2 application significantly affected photosynthetic efficiency and plant water status as evaluated by relative water content and membrane stability index. These results were positively reflected by the increase in plant growth, productivity and water use efficiency under salt stress conditions. H2O2 may participate in enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant activity, inducing salt-tolerance in onion plants.
Keywords
Antioxidants, Productivity; H2O2, Onion, Photosynthetic Performance, Salinity
To cite this article
Taia Ali Abd El-Mageed, Wael Morad Semida, Saad Mohamed Howladar, Safi-naz Sabet Zaki, Mostafa Mohamed Rady, Hydrogen Peroxide Improves the Antioxidant Defence System in Salt Stressed- Allium cepa Plants, Plant. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 91-100. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20160406.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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