Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 43-48
Genetic Analysis of Various Agronomic Traits in Some Intra and Inter-Specific Crosses of Wheat
Imtiaz Ali, Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Abdul Majid Khan, Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Maria Ayub, Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Akash Zafar, Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Asad-ur-Rehman, Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Manzoor Hussain, Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Hafiz Muhammad Zia Ullah, Oilseeds Research Station, Khanpur, Pakistan
Muhammad Zubair, Agricultural Research Station, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Zeeshan Hafeez, Oilseeds Research Station, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Khalid Mahmood, Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Natasha Kanwal , Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Abdul Sattar Khetran, Agricultural Research Institute, Quetta, Pakistan
Received: Jun. 12, 2018;       Accepted: Aug. 7, 2018;       Published: Sep. 6, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.plant.20180602.14      View  337      Downloads  20
Abstract
Six wheat genotypes (4 hexaploid and 2 tetraploid) against plant height, days to heading, days to anthesis, days to maturity, grain filling period, grains per spike and 1000 grain weight characters were studiedfor combining ability and heterosis through 6 × 6 half diallel fashion. This experiment was conducted at Regional Agricultural Research Institute Bahawalpur during 2016-17. Results of mean square of general combing ability (GCA) and specific combing ability (SCA) was found significant for all studied characters except forplant height and grains per spike against SCA. Ratio of GCA/SCA showed the involvement of additive gene action in the inheritance of all under studied traits. Durum-1 was found best parent among all other parents against 1000 grain weight and days to heading. Miraj-08 was good general combiner as it reflected maximum grain yield per plant. Best specific combing ability and heterosis was exhibited by cross combination Ass-11× Chakwal-50, Glaxy-13 × Chakwal-50 and Chakwal-50 × Miraj-08 against plant height, grain per spike and yield character. Results indicated that selection of best general combiner would be helpful in increasing yield through hybridization and superior hybrids may develop by the selection of superior best specific combiners.
Keywords
Triticumaestivum, General Combining Ability, Specific Combing Ability, Heterosis, Half Diallel Analysis
To cite this article
Imtiaz Ali, Abdul Majid Khan, Maria Ayub, Akash Zafar, Asad-ur-Rehman, Manzoor Hussain, Hafiz Muhammad Zia Ullah, Muhammad Zubair, Zeeshan Hafeez, Khalid Mahmood, Natasha Kanwal , Abdul Sattar Khetran, Genetic Analysis of Various Agronomic Traits in Some Intra and Inter-Specific Crosses of Wheat, Plant. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 43-48. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20180602.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Ahuja SL &Dhayal LS, 2007. Combining ability estimates for yield and fibre quality traits in 4 x 13 line x tester crosses of Gossypiumhirsutum. Euphytica. 153:87-98.
[2]
Akinci C, 2009. Heterosis and combining ability estimates in 6 × 6 halfdiallel crosses of durumwheat (Triticum durum desf.). Bulgarian. J. Agric. Sci. 15 (3): 214–221.
[3]
Anonymous. 2016-17. Pakistan Economic Survey. Ministry of Finance, Economic Advisor’s Wing, Islamabad.
[4]
DesaleCS, Mehta DR&Singh AP, 2014. Combining ability analysis in bread wheat. J. Wheat Res. 6: 25–28.
[5]
Griffing B, 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallelcrossing system. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 9: 463-493.
[6]
HassanG, Mohammad F, Afridi SS &Khalil I, 2007. Combining ability in the F1 generationsof diallel crosses for yield and yield components in wheat. Sarhad. J. Agric. 23: 937–942.
[7]
Jaiswal, KK, Marker S & Kumar B, 2013. Combining ability analysis in diallel crosses ofwheat (Triticumaestivum L.). The Bioscan. 8: 1557–1560.
[8]
Khayatnejad M, Zaefizadeh M &Gholamin R, 2010. Study of genetic diversity and pathanalysis for yield of durum wheat under drought stress condition. Plant Ecophysiol. 2: 133-136.
[9]
MasoodSA, Ahmad S, Kashif M and Ali Q, 2014. Role of combining ability to develop higheryielding wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) genotypes: An overview. Natural Sciences. 12: 155–161.
[10]
Peng Z, Ru PH, Fu NZ, Hu LL, Jun W &Xin SQ, 2009. Heterosis and combining ability ofmajor agronomic traits in crosses between earbranched wheat and common wheat. J. TriticeaeCrops. 29: 212216.
[11]
Rashid M, Cheema AA & Ashraf M, 2007. Line × tester analysis in basmati rice. Pakistan J. Bot. 39(6): 2035-2042.
[12]
Sharma, P. K & Pawar IS, 2000. Genetic architecture of some wheat crosses through triple testcross method. Ind. J. Genet Plant Breed. 48:45-48.
[13]
SharmaSK, Singh KP &Singh I, 1991. Selection responses for grain weight in someintermated population of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.). Proc. Golden Jubilee Symp. IndianSoc. Genet. Plant Breed. New Delhi. Abstr. II: 357.
[14]
Singh M, Devi EL, Glawe S, Kousar N &Behera C, 2013. Estimation of heterosis in different crosses of bread at (Triticumaestivum L.). The Bioscan. 8: 1393–1401.
Browse journals by subject