Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 60-66
Aboveground Biomass Stockpile and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Albizia saman in Chennai Metropolitan City, India
Muthulingam Udayakumar, Department of Plant Science, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
Ammaiyappan Selvam, Department of Plant Science, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
Thangavel Sekar, Department of Botany, Pachaiyappa’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Received: Jun. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 29, 2018;       Published: Oct. 29, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.plant.20180603.12      View  141      Downloads  4
Abstract
Albizia saman (Jacquin) F. Mueller belongs to the family Fabaceae (sub family: Mimosoideae) is a native to Northern South America. Commonly known as rain tree and locally known as Thoongu-moonchi maram (Tamil). The species’ introduced during Colonial period as an ornamental tree in Chennai metropolitan city (CMC). Though A. saman represent as a dominant tree species’ in CMC, there are voids in baseline data such as density, biomass stockpile, and annual C sequestration potential hence this study was conducted to fill these voids. A total of 2522 individuals which cover 1672.14 m2 basal area (mean = 9.61 ± 4.95 m2 ha-1; range = 0-24.96 m2 ha-1) was recorded from study plots. During study period A. saman stocked a sum of 6403.51 Mg aboveground biomass (AGB) (mean = 36.8 ± 18.9 Mg ha-1; range = 0-95.4 Mg ha-1) and 3201.76 Mg C (mean = 18.9 ± 9.45 Mg ha-1; range = 0-47.7 Mg ha-1). C storage of individual tree ranged from 3.74 to 4598.18 kg with a mean value of 1269.53 ± 1082.25 kg. On an average, each tree achieved 1.04 ± 0.27 cm horizontal growth yr-1. In a year A. saman population sequestered 111.23 Mg biomass in aboveground (in 174 ha). The mean C sequestration of study area was 319.62 ± 184.0 kg ha-1 year-1. In total, the study area sequestered 55.62 Mg C year-1. Overall, in a year A. saman absorbed 204.13 Mg CO2 for C sequestration in study area. CO2 absorption ranged from 385.46 to 3009.29 kg ha-1 yr-1. The monetary value of C storage and annual sequestration of A. saman is also investigated. Though introduced from tropical Northern South America A. saman provides a considerable ecosystem services to CMC through C storage and sequestration. This study estimated monetary values of just two ecosystem services of A. saman, study that concentrates on all ecosystem services is essential to assess total actual ecosystem service values.
Keywords
Ecosystem Service, Exotic Tree Species, Stem Horizontal Growth, Tamil Nadu, Tropical City
To cite this article
Muthulingam Udayakumar, Ammaiyappan Selvam, Thangavel Sekar, Aboveground Biomass Stockpile and Carbon Sequestration Potential of Albizia saman in Chennai Metropolitan City, India, Plant. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 60-66. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20180603.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Pearlmutter D, Calfapietra C, Samson R, O’Brien L, Ostoic SK, Sanesi G, and del Amo RA. 2017. The Urban Forest-Cultivating Green Infrastructure for People and the Environment. Springer Nature, Switzerland. pp 351.
[2]
Seto KC, Guneralp B, and Hutyra LR. 2012. Global forecasts of urban expansion to 2030 and direct impacts on biodiversity and carbon pools. PNAS 109:16083-16088.
[3]
Velasco E, Roth M, Norford L, and Molina LT. 2016. Does urban vegetation enhance carbon sequestration? Landscape Urban Plan 148:99-107.
[4]
Nowak DJ, and Greenfield EJ. 2018. US urban forest statistics, values and projections. J For 116: 164-177.
[5]
Nowak, DJ, Appleton N, Ellis A, and Greenfield E. 2017. Residential building energy conservation and avoided power plant emissions by urban and community trees in the United States. Urban For Urban Green 21:158–165.
[6]
Kanniah KD, and Ho CS. 2018. Tree canopy cover and its potential to reduce CO2 in south of Peninsular Malaysia. Chem Engineer Trans 63:13-18.
[7]
Lyytimaki J. 2017. Disservices of urban trees. Chapter 12, p. 164–176, in Routledge handbook of urban forestry, Ferrini, F., C.C. Konijnendijk, and A. Fini (eds.). Routledge, New York.
[8]
Dobbs, C., M.J. Martinez-Harms, and D. Kendal. 2017. Ecosystem services. Chapter 4, p. 51–64, in Routledge handbook of urban forestry, Ferrini, F., C.C. Konijnendijk, and A. Fini (eds.). Routledge, New York.
[9]
Amoatey P, Sulaiman H, Kwarteng A, and Al-Reasi HA. 2018. Above-ground carbon dynamics in different arid urban green spaces. Environ Earth Sci 77:431.
[10]
Nagendra H, and Gopal D. 2011. Tree diversity, distribution, history and change in urban parks: studies in Bangalore, India. Urban Ecosyst 14:211-223.
[11]
Zipperer WC. 2002. Species composition and structure of regenerated and remnant forest patches within an urban landscape. Urban Ecosyst 6:271-290.
[12]
McKinney ML. 2006. Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization. Biol Conserv 127:247-260.
[13]
Pickett STA, Cadenasso ML, Grove JM, Groffman PM, Band LE, Boone CG, Burch WR, Grimmond, CSB, Hom J, Jenkins JC, Law NL, Nilon CH, Pouyat RV, Szlavecz K, Warren PS, and Wilson MA. 2008. Beyond urban legends: an emerging frame work of urban ecology, as illustrated by the Baltimore Ecosystem Study. Bioscience 58:139-150.
[14]
Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry. 2015. [http://www.traditionaltree.org.].
[15]
Miah D, Ahmed R, and Uddin MB. 2003. Biomass fuel use by the rural households in Chittagong region, Bangladesh. Biomass Bioenerg 24:277-283.
[16]
Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. [http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Albizia_saman_pdf]
[17]
Hong Y, and Bhatnagar S. 2007. Tropical Tree Legumes. In: Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry: 2007; Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 407-431.
[18]
Sotelo A, Contreras E, and Flores S. 1995. Nutritional value and content of antinutritional compounds and toxics in ten wild legumes of Yucatan Peninsula. Plant Food Huma Nutr 47:115–123.
[19]
Macedo MO, Resende AS, Garcia PC, Boddey RM, Jantalia CP, Urquiga S, Campello EFC, and Franco AA. 2008. Changes in soil C and N stocks and nutrient dynamics 13 years after recovery of degraded land using leguminous nitrogen-fixing trees. Forest Ecol Manag 255:1516-1524.
[20]
Praveen RN, Viswanathan S, Devi JR, Nayak V, Swetha VC, Archana BR, Parthasarathy N, and Rajkumar J. 2008. Preliminary Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of Samanea saman. J Med Plant Res 2:268-270.
[21]
Ukoha PO, Cemaluk EAC, Nnamdi OL, and Madus EP. 2011. Tannins and other Phytochemical of the Samanaea saman pods and their antimicrobial activities. Afr J Pure Appl Chem 5:237-244.
[22]
Mayuranathan PV. 1929. The flowering plants of Madras city and its immediate neighbourhood. In: Bulletin of the Madras government museum, Madras Government Press, Madras, India.
[23]
Muthulingam U, and Thangavel S. 2012. Density, diversity and species richness of woody plants in urban green spaces: A case study in Chennai metropolitan city, India. Urban For Urban Gree 11:451-458.
[24]
Population Census India, 2011. [http://www.census 2011.co.in/census/district/21-chennai.html.]
[25]
Climate and Weather of Chennai Metropolitan. [http://www.chennai district/tn.nic.in.]
[26]
Udayakumar M. 2012. Ecological studies on selected sacred groves of southern Coromandel coast, Peninsular India. Annual Report 2011-2012, submitted to Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, New Delhi, p 20.
[27]
Udayakumar M: 2011. Ecological studies on selected sacred groves of southern Coromandel coast, Peninsular India. Annual Report 2010-2011, submitted to Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, New Delhi, p 10.
[28]
Miller D. 1984. Reducing Transformation Bias in Curve Fitting. Am Stat 38:124-126.
[29]
Sprugel DG. 1983. Correcting for bias in log-transformed allometric equations. Ecology 64:209-210.
[30]
Nowak DJ, and Crane DE. 2002. Carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees in the USA. Environ Pollut 2002, 116(3), 381–389.
[31]
McPherson EG, and Simpson JR. 1999. Carbon dioxide reduction through urban forestry: guidelines for professional and volunteer tree planters. General Technical Report PSW–171. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA.
[32]
Liu S, and Li X. 2012. Carbon storage and sequestration by urban forests in Shenyang, China. Urban For Urban Gree 11:121-128.
[33]
Nagendra H, and Gopal D. 2010. Street trees in Bangalore: Density, diversity, composition and distribution. Urban For Urban Gree 9:129–137.
[34]
Thakur S, Agarwal SK, Pramanick P, Mitra S, Biswas P, and Mitra A. 2016. Green patches as carbon reservoir: A case study from Dhruba Chand Halder College, West Bengal. Int J Advance Res Bio Sci 3:160-164.
[35]
Thaiutsa B, Puangchit L, Kjelgren R, and Arunpraparut W. 2008. Urban green space, street tree and heritage large tree assessment in Bangkok, Thailand. Urban For Urban Gree 7:219–229.
[36]
Fujimoto M, Puangchit L, Sugawara F, Sripraram D, Jiamjeerakul W, and Kato H. 2016. Carbon sequestration estimation of urban trees in parks and streets of Bangkok metropolitan, Thailand. Thai J For 35:35-41.
[37]
Borchert R, Robertson K, Schwartz MD, and Williams-Liners G. 2005. Phenology of temperate trees in tropical climates. Int J Biometeorol 2005, 50: 57-65.
[38]
Porter EE, Forschner BR, and Blair RB. 2001. Woody vegetation and canopy fragmentation along a forest–to–urban gradient. Urban Ecosyst 5:131–151.
[39]
Zhao M, Escobedo FJ, and Staudhammer C. 2010. Spatial patterns of a subtropical, coastal urban forest: Implications for land tenure, hurricanes, and invasives. Urban For Urban Gree 9:205–214.
[40]
Deb D, Deb S, Debbarma J, and Datta BK. 2016. Tree species richness and carbon stock in Tripura University campus, Northeast India. J Biodivers Manage Forestry 5:4 (DOI: 10.4172/2327-4417.1000167)
[41]
Strohbach MW, and Haase D. 2012. Above–ground carbon storage by urban trees of Leipig, Germany: Analysis of patterns in a European city. Landscape Urban Plan 104:95–104.
[42]
Jo HK. 2002. Impacts of urban green space on offsetting carbon emissions from middle Korea. J Environ Manage 64:115–126.
[43]
Huang HH, Huang HW, and Chang SH. 2009. The study of ecological benefits of Chiayi city, In: Proceedings REAL CORP, Tagungsband, Taiwan, 535–540.
[44]
Yang J, McBride J, Zhou J, and Sun Z. 2005. The urban forest in Beijing and its role in air pollution reduction. Urban For Urban Gree 3:65–78.
[45]
Nowak DJ, Hoehn RE, Crane DE, Weller R, and Davila A. 2011. Assessing Urban Forest Effects and Values: Los Angeles’ Urban Forest. Resource Bulletin NRS–47. United States Department of Agriculture. USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, USA, 35 pp.
[46]
Nowak DJ. 1993. Historical vegetation change in Oakland and its implications for urban forest management. J Arbor 19:313–319.
[47]
Stoffberg GH, van-Rooyen MW, van-der Linde MJ, and Groeneveld HT. 2010. Carbon sequestration estimates of indigenous street trees in the City of Tshwane, South Africa. Urban For Urban Gree 9:9-14.
[48]
Jo HK, and McPherson EG. 1995. Carbon storage and flux in urban residential greenspace. J Environ Manage 45:109–133.
[49]
de Vries RE. 1987. A preliminary investigation of the growth and longevity of trees in Central Park. MS thesis, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
[50]
Nowak DJ. 1994. Urban Forest structure: The state of Chicago’s urban forest. In: Chicago's urban forest ecosystem: Results of the Chicago Urban Forest Climate Project. General Technical Report, NE–186. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Radnor, PA, 3–18.
[51]
Smith WB, and Shifley SR. 1984. Diameter Growth, Survival, and Volume Estimates for Trees in Indiana and Illinois. Research Paper NC–257. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN, p 10.
[52]
Pregitzer KS, and Euskirchen ES. 2004. Carbon cycling and storage in world forests: biome patterns related to forest age. Global Change Biol 10:2052-2077.
[53]
Bradford JB, and Kastendick DN. 2010. Age-related patterns of forest complexity and carbon storage in pine and aspen-birch ecosystems of northern Minnesota, USA. Can J Forest Res, 40:401-409.
[54]
D’Amato AW, Bradford JB, Fraver S, and Palik BJ. 2011. Forest management for mitigation and adaptation to climate change: insights from long-term silviculture experiments. Forest Ecol Manag 2011, 262:1-13.
[55]
Brack CL. 2002. Pollution mitigation and carbon sequestration in an urban forest. Environ Pollut 116:S 195–200.
[56]
Goh JCJ. 2017. Carbon accounting in local-scale land use and land cover change. Consilience: J Sustain Develop 17:46-74.
[57]
Dwyer JF, McPherson EG, Schroeder HW, and Rowntree RA. 1992. Assessing the benefits and costs of the urban forests. J Arbor 18:227–234.
[58]
Nowak DJ, Noble MH, Sisinni SM, and Dwyer JF. 2001. Assessing the US urban forest resource. J Forest, 99:37–42.
[59]
Bolund P, and Hunhammar S. 1999. Ecosystem services in urban areas. Ecol Econ 1999, 29(1):293-301.
Browse journals by subject